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Conclusions

We’ve done the hard work, so pulling it all together into a single, big-picture argument is now quite easy and straightforward, as follows:

Arguments — We learned what propositions are, that they are statements that can be either true or …

Abstract Objects

We have repeatedly alluded to the notion of abstract objects, as we have talked about, for example, propositions underlying information. As our last point of consideration in this seminar, we will now take a closer look at the necessary existence …

Information Theory Continued

We have settled upon a working definition of “information.” It is: Semantical content intentionally formed and conveyed according to syntactical rules.

We see three primary components of this definition: Syntax (form/structure), semantics (meaning), and intention. Each is a necessary condition …

Philosophy of Mind Continued 3

We have briefly introduced and contrasted Humean empiricism and Kantian transcendental idealism. We’ve talked about primary and secondary qualities, and we’ve talked about how that division leads to the Kantian division between “things in themselves” and “appearances.” At this juncture, …

Hume’s Empiricism

David Hume (1711-1776) was a Scottish philosopher who is now universally considered preeminent among the so-called “British empiricists.” However, even higher praise comes from Kant himself, who said that Hume “awakened me from my dogmatic slumber.”

“Dogmatic” in Kant’s time …

Scientism/Naturalism in Crisis

All of these past weeks have been leading up to one conclusion: The naturalistic approach to “explaining” the development of species on Earth is a wholly inadequate account. Like the fossil record itself, the entire neo-Darwinian paradigm is much more …

Punctuated Equilibrium

Here, as in so much of the theorizing we have examined, there is a lot of confusion. The term itself, “punctuated equilibrium,” feels almost “made up,” and even scientists are divided about what the term really means.

But we are …

Dawkins’ Orthodoxy vs. Gould and Eldredge

With all honest evolutionists admitting that there have been no observed speciation events, but with neo-Darwinism hanging on the supposed fact that speciation events do occur, all eyes turn to the fossil record for the “fact of evolution” to be …